חיפוש טיולים ומסלולים
בחר אזור
בחר סוג טיול
חיפוש טיול בטקסט חופשי

Blanford’s Fox

Vulpes cana (Blanford 1877) Blanford’s Fox

Hebrew name: שועל צוקים, shu’al tzukim

Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae

Global Threat: DD – Data Deficient
Regional Threat: EN (B,C) – Endangered

Distribution area: All cliffs in the desert region east of the national water divide, from Eilat north up to Jericho. Israel lies at the western limit of this species’ distribution .

Historic distribution: Ilani first identified Blanford’s fox in Israel in 1981. There is no previous information on the species from our area.

Typical Habitat: Cliffs and steep slopes in the extreme desert (less than 100 mm. annual rainfall), with large rock masses where caper bushes grow.

Threat and Disturbance Factors:
1. Rabies.
2. Competitive exclusion by the red fox.

Population Size: In Israel the species ranges over ca. 3000 km2. The average density in the En Gedi area was 2 per km2, and in Eilat – 0.5 per km2 (Hefner & Oko 1989, Geffen 1990). According to these data the total population is no more than a few thousand.

Fluctuations in Population Size: Unknown.

Isolation between Subpopulations: Unknown.

Necessary Steps for Species Preservation:
1. Preserving the rocky habitat in large nature reserves.
2. Maintaining cleanliness and preventing edible refuse disposal along trails, campgrounds and garbage dumps in rocky desert areas.