Vulpes cana (Blanford 1877) Blanford’s Fox
Hebrew name: שועל צוקים, shu’al tzukim
Global Threat: DD – Data Deficient
Regional Threat: EN (B,C) – Endangered
Distribution area: All cliffs in the desert region east of the national water divide, from Eilat north up to Jericho. Israel lies at the western limit of this species’ distribution .
Historic distribution: Ilani first identified Blanford’s fox in Israel in 1981. There is no previous information on the species from our area.
Typical Habitat: Cliffs and steep slopes in the extreme desert (less than 100 mm. annual rainfall), with large rock masses where caper bushes grow.
Threat and Disturbance Factors:
2. Competitive exclusion by the red fox.
Population Size: In Israel the species ranges over ca. 3000 km2. The average density in the En Gedi area was 2 per km2, and in Eilat – 0.5 per km2 (Hefner & Oko 1989, Geffen 1990). According to these data the total population is no more than a few thousand.
Fluctuations in Population Size: Unknown.
Isolation between Subpopulations: Unknown.
Necessary Steps for Species Preservation:
1. Preserving the rocky habitat in large nature reserves.
2. Maintaining cleanliness and preventing edible refuse disposal along trails, campgrounds and garbage dumps in rocky desert areas.