Myotis mystacinus (Kuhl 1819) Whiskered Bat
Hebrew name: נשפון משופם, nishpon mesupam
Global Threat: NE – Not Evaluated
Regional Threat: EN (B,D) – Endangered
Distribution area: On Mt. Hermon and the edges of the Golan down to Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee).
Historic distribution: There is no information from the past. The species was only first discovered in Israel in 1994. In Europe the species has been categorized VU, since number of populations is constantly declining (Stebbings 1988).
Typical Habitat: The only breeding colony known in Israel was found in a damp cliff crevice with water outflow in the Golan. In Europe it is found under tree bark and in houses near water. Forages over water, fields, gardens and in rural settlements (Macdonald & Barret 1993).
Threat and Disturbance Factors:
1. Insecticide use in agricultural areas.
2. Human visitors to roosting and wintering caves.
Population Size: The population in Israel is very small, since Mt. Hermon and the Golan are at the edge of the species’ distribution area. In Israel the species is distributed over an area of circa 600 km2. The only known breeding colony was found to have some 150 bats in 1997. The entire Israeli population probably comprises no more than a few hundred individuals.
Fluctuations in Population Size: Unknown.
Isolation between Subpopulations: Unknown.
Necessary Steps for Species Preservation:
1. Protecting roosting and breeding caves.
2. Reducing insecticide use in agriculture.
3. Protecting unpolluted water sources.