Aquila chrysaetos homeyeri (Severtsov, 1888) Golden Eagle
Hebrew name: עיט זהוב, ayit zahov
Global Threat: NE – Not Evaluated
Regional Threat: EN (A1acd,C1+2a,D) – Endangered
Distribution area: Rare resident, particularly in desert and desert-transition areas – the Negev Highlands, eastern Negev, Judean Desert, Samaria and the Golan Heights.
Historic distribution: Mainly in desert and sub-desert areas, but has apparently always been quite rare. In the late 1980s the population was estimated at 45-50 pairs, of which two were in the Mediterranean region, 11 in the Judean Desert and eastern Samaria and 28 in the Negev and Eilat Mountains.
Typical Habitat: Cliffs and canyons.
Threat and Disturbance Factors:
2. Disturbances in activity areas, which affect breeding success and food availability.
3. Nest robbing and illegal trade.
Population Size: About 20 pairs.
Fluctuations in Population Size: The population has decreased by at least 50% during the past 15 years.
Isolation Between Subpopulations: There are geographic distances between individual pairs nesting in the Mediterranean region and the Judean Desert and Negev population.
Necessary Steps for Species Preservation:
1. Continued prevention of poisoning.
2. Reducing disturbances in nesting and foraging areas.