Cyrtopodion amictopholis (Hoofien 1967) Hermon Bowfoot Gecko
Hebrew name: שממית החרמון, smamit hermon
Global Threat: NE – Not Evaluated
Regional Threat: CR (B) – Critically Endangered
Distribution area: This species is most probably endemic to Mt. Hermon, where it is found at altitudes of 1300 m and above (Hoofien 1983). There is no knowledge at this point of its distribution outside Mt. Hermon (Bosch 1998; Sivan & Werner 1992).
Historic distribution: Unknown.
Typical Habitat: Rocky and stony habitats.
Threat and Disturbance Factors:
1. Tourist development on Mt. Hermon.
2. Military infrastructure (opening routes, expanding outposts). Unnecessary bulldozer use by the Israel Defense Forces.
3. Illegal collecting by reptile fans and for the pet trade.
Population Size: Unknown.
Fluctuations in Population Size: The species distribution area in Israel decreases as military and civilian development on Mt. Hermon expands.
Isolation Between Subpopulations: Unknown.
Necessary Steps for Species Preservation:
1. Preventing further tourist development on Mt. Hermon.
2. Reducing military bulldozer activity and planning it in cooperation with the Israel Nature and National Parks Protection Authority.
3. Intensifying supervision and enforcement by the Nature and Parks Authority on building, road construction and earthworks on Mt. Hermon.
4. Basic research on the life history of C. amictopholis in nature in order to determine additional disturbance factors and necessary conservation steps.
5. Examining the effect of grazing on C. amictopholis and its habitat, to determine the amount of grazing necessary to preserve the species.
6. Preventing collection.