Barbastella leucomelas (Cretzschmar 1826) Eastern (Arabian) Barbastelle
Hebrew name: בלומף שחור, blumaf shahor
Global Threat: NE – Not Evaluated
Regional Threat: EN (B,D) – Endangered
Distribution area: In the Arava Valley from Eilat north to Ne’ot HaKikar. Usually solitary, at times two individuals have been seen.
Historic distribution: Makin (1977) reported the species from Elot (north of Eilat).
Typical Habitat: There is no information on where this species roosts in Israel. The eastern barbastelle forages in steep wadis with abundant vegetation and water sources, as well as over sewage ponds and fields. In Pakistan the species is found on high mountains in humid forests or in dry conifer forests, above 2400 m. Roosts solitarily under tree bark or in caves and mines (Roberts 1977).
Threat and Disturbance Factors: Insecticide use in agricultural areas.
Population Size: The eastern barbastelle ranges over an area of ca. 1500 km2 at a very low density.
Fluctuations in Population Size: Unknown.
Isolation between Subpopulations: Unknown.
Necessary Steps for Species Preservation: Reducing insecticide use in agriculture.