Pipistrellus rueppellii (Fischer 1829) Ruppell’s Pipistrelle
Hebrew name: עטלפון ריפל, atalefon ripel
Global Threat: NE – Not Evaluated
Regional Threat: EN (B,D) – Endangered
Distribution area: Ruppell’s pipistrelle is an African species whose northernmost limit is in Israel. It is usually found over pools at the southern edge of the Dead Sea and in the northern Arava, but has also been seen in Haifa, Nahal Besor (western Negev), Nahal Zin and Eilat.
Historic distribution: Harrison & Makin (1988) first reported its presence in Israel from the Navit Pools and Haifa.
Typical Habitat: There is no information on where Ruppell’s pipistrelle roosts in Israel. It forages over water, mainly on Diptera and Lepidoptera (Whitaker et al. 1994, Feldman 1998).
Threat and Disturbance Factors: Insecticide use in agricultural areas.
Population Size: Most of the populations inhabit an area of about 700 km2. Only a few individuals were found at sites where the species was observed. The Israeli population comprises a few hundred bats at the most.
Fluctuations in Population Size: Unknown.
Isolation between Subpopulations: Unknown.
Necessary Steps for Species Preservation: Preserving open water bodies in the desert.