Pipistrellus bodenheimeri (Harrison 1960) Bodenheimer’s Pipistrelle
Hebrew name: עטלפון בודנהיימר, atalefon bodenheimer
Global Threat: NT – Near Threatened
Regional Threat: EN (B) – Endangered
Distribution area: The species is endemic to the Arabo-Nubian region. It is very common along the Syrian-African Rift Valley from the northern Dead Sea to Eilat, with penetrations in the direction of the Negev Highlands along Nahal Zin and Nahal Paran. Its global distribution is relatively narrow compared to other bat species in Israel. Within its distribution area it is very common. During one evening in August 1988, 50 specimens were trapped and marked over a small pool in the Ne’ot HaKikar area.
Historic distribution: Harrison identified the species from Yotvata in 1960. Makin (1977) found it at En Gedi, En Yahav and Elot.
Typical Habitat: Lives in cliff crevices in the desert (Fenton et al. 1999). Bodenheimer’s pipistrelle is a generalist species that forages over water, at cliff edges and over wadi vegetation (Feldman 1998, Yom-Tov et al. 1992).
Threat and Disturbance Factors: Insecticide use in agricultural areas.
Population Size: The species’ distribution area in Israel is about 3500 km2.
Fluctuations in Population Size: Unknown.
Isolation between Subpopulations: Apparently none.
Necessary Steps for Species Preservation:
1. Reducing insecticide use in agriculture.
2. Preserving open water bodies in the desert.