Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber 1774) Common Pipistrelle
Hebrew name: עטלפון אירופי, atalefon eropi
Global Threat: NE – Not Evaluated
Regional Threat: EN (B,C) – Endangered
Distribution area: Only in the Upper Galilee, Hula Valley and Mt. Hermon. Israel is the southernmost limit of the common pipistrelle’s broad distribution. In Europe the species has been classified as VU (Stebbings, 1988).
Historic distribution: Makin (1977) reported one specimen from the Mt. Meron area.
Typical Habitat: Inhabits hollows in large trees near water (e.g. woodpecker nests in poplars). Forages on insects over water bodies (Moskin 1993). In Europe lives in houses and forages around street lamps in settlements, over water and at the edge of forests and tree lined avenues (Macdonald & Barrett 1993).
Threat and Disturbance Factors:
1. Insecticide use in agricultural areas.
2. Felling of large poplars in the vicinity of water sources.
Population Size: A group of trees near a water source produced up to 150 individuals. The estimated population of the species in Israel is a few hundred and its estimated distribution area 1700 km2.
Fluctuations in Population Size: Unknown.
Isolation between Subpopulations: Unknown.
Necessary Steps for Species Preservation:
1. Protecting large tree stands near water (poplars, eucalyptus).
2. Preserving clean water bodies.
3. Reducing insecticide use in agriculture.